167,923 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,997 images, 65,082 bibliographic items, 513,722 distributional records.

Chara gymnophylla (A.Braun) A.Braun 1835

Publication details
Chara gymnophylla (A.Braun) A.Braun 1835: 62

Published in: Braun, A. (1835). Übersicht der genauer bekannten Chara-Arten. Flora 18: 49-73.

Publication date: “28. Januar 1835”

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Chara is Chara vulgaris Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Chara foetida var. gymnophylla A.Braun

Type information
Syntype localities: "Hab. in Sardiniâ (Miiller, forma atrovirens), et Algeriae (W. Schimper)." (Braun 1834: 354).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Chara Section Chara

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chara foetida var. gymnophylla A.Braun 1834
Chara vulgaris var. gymnophylla (A.Braun) C.F.Nyman 1884

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Chara squamosa Desfontaines 1799
Chara gymnophylla var. algerienesis Kützing 1857
Chara vulgaris var. condensata A.de Brébisson 1859
Chara gymnophylla f. subinermis A.Braun 1868
Chara foetida f. condensata A.Braun 1868
Chara foetida f. fontanesiana A.Braun 1868
Chara foetida f. brevipapillata A.Braun 1868
Chara foetida f. longipapillata A.Braun 1868
Chara patens Ehrenberg ex A.Braun 1868
Chara foetida var. patens (Ehrenberg) A.Braun 1868
Chara foetida var. pachyphloea A.Braun 1868
Chara foetida f. condensata Nordstedt 1889
Chara foetida var. subsegregata Nordstedt 1889
Chara gymnophylla f. pulchella W.Migula 1894
Chara gymnophylla f. submunda W.Migula 1894
Chara gymnophylla f. subnudifolia W.Migula 1894
Chara vulgaris f. paragymnophylla W.Migula 1897
Chara vulgaris subsp. squamosa (Desfontaines) F.Hy 1913
Chara pseudogymnophylla N.Filarszky 1927
Chara gymnophylla f. breviradiata N.Filarszky 1931
Chara gymnophylla f. elegans N.Filarszky 1931
Chara gymnophylla f. filiformis N.Filarszky 1931
Chara gymnophylla f. caespitosa N.Filarszky 1931
Chara gymnophylla f. crassior N.Filarszky 1931
Chara gymnophylla f. heteromorpha N.Filarszky 1931
Chara gymnophylla f. longibracteata N.Filarszky 1931
Chara gymnophylla f. mucronata N.Filarszky 1931
Chara gymnophylla f. paludosa N.Filarszky 1931
Chara gymnophylla f. sphagnoides N.Filarszky 1931
Chara pseudogymnophylla f. aspera N.Filarszky 1931
Chara pseudogymnophylla f. curdistanica N.Filarszky 1931
Chara gymnophylla var. nudifolia Trabut ex R.Maire & R.G.Werner 1934
Chara gymnophylla f. alopecuroides N.Filarszky 1936
Chara squamosa var. gymnophylla (A.Braun) G.Feldmann 1946

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Chara gymnophylla (A.Braun) A.Braun)
Europe: Albania (Kashta & Miho 2016), Balearic Islands (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998), Czech Republic (Kaštovský & al. 2018), France (Wood & Imahori 1965, Anon. 2017), Georgia (Barinova & Kukhaleishvili 2014), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Greece (Wood & Imahori 1965), Hungary (Wood & Imahori 1965), Poland (Urbaniak & Gabka 2014), Portugal (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998), Romania (Caraus 2017), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Spain (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998), Ukraine (Petlovany & Tsarenko 2015).

Africa: Algeria (Wood & Imahori 1965), South Africa (Wood & Imahori 1965), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Wood & Imahori 1965).

Middle East: Iran (Ahmadi & al. 2012), Israel (Romanov & Barinova 2012, Barinova & Romanov 2015, Barinova & Romanov 2015, Barinova & Smith 2022), Turkey (Barinova, Romanov & Solak 2014).

Asia: Kazakhstan (Sametova & al. 2022).

(as Chara vulgaris var. gymnophylla (A.Braun) C.F.Nyman)
Europe: Britain (Whitton & al. 2003), Spain (Aboal & Llimona 1984, Prefasi & Aboal 1995).

Middle East: Turkey (Aysel 2005, Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Casanova 2005), South Australia (Day & al. 1995).

(as Chara foetida f. condensata Nordstedt)
Europe: Portugal (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998), Spain (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998).

(as Chara vulgaris f. paragymnophylla W.Migula)
Europe: Balearic Islands (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998), Portugal (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998).

(as Chara vulgaris subsp. squamosa (Desfontaines) F.Hy)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Source of current name
Muller, S, D., Rhazi, L. & Soulie-Märsche, I. (2017). Diversity and distribution of Characeae in the Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia). Crytogamie Algologie 38(3): 201-251.

Key references
Ahmadi, A., Sheidai, A.M., H. Riahi, H. & Van Raam, J.C. (2012). Some Charophytes (Characeae, Charophyta) from central and western of Iran including Chara kohrangiana species nova. Cryptogamie Algologie 33(4): 359-390. [in English]

Bazzichelli, G. & Abdelahad, N. (2009). Alghe d'acqua dolce d'Italia. Flora analitica delle Caroficee. pp. [i-viii], [1]-73, [Index]. Roma: Sapienza, Università di Roma.

Braun, A. (1849). Uebersicht der Schweizerischen Characeen. Ein Beitrag zur Flora der Schweiz. Neue Denkschriften der Allgemeinen Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften. 10(3): 1-23.

Caisová, L. & Gabka, M. (2009). Charophytes (Characeae, Charophyta) in the Czech Republic: taxonomy, autecology and distribution. Fottea 9(1): 1-43.

Caraus, I. (2002). The algae of Romania. Studii si Cercetari, Universitatea Bacau, Biologie 7: 1-694.

Cirujano, S, Cambra, J., Sánchez Castillo, P.M., Meco, A. & Flor Arnau, N. (2008). Flora ibérica algas continentales. Carófitos (Characeae). pp. [1]-132, 125 figs. Madrid: Real Jardín Botánico.

Petlovany, O.A. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2015 '2014'). Desmidiales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-448. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Urbaniak, J. & Gabka, M. (2014). Polish Charophytes. An illustrated guide to identification. pp. [1]-120, incl. 34 pls. Wroclaw: Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wroclawiu.

Created: 29 June 2007 by Sandy Lawson

Verified by: 29 January 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1352 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Linking to this page: http://admin.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=132503

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2022. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 05 October 2022.

SITE © 1996 - 2022 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio