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Chara australis R.Brown 1810

Publication details
Chara australis R.Brown 1810: 346

Published in: Brown, R. (1810). Prodromus florae novae hollandiae et insulae van-diemen, exhibens characteres plantarum quas annis 1802-1805 per oras utriusque insulae collegit et descripsit Robertus Brown; insertis passim aliis spciebus auctori hucusque congnitis, seu evulgatis, seu ineditis, praesertim Bansianis, in primo intinere navarchi Cook detectis. Vol. I. pp. [i]-viii, 145-590, Addenda. Londini [London]: Typis Richardi Taylor et socii [Richard Taylor].
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Publication date: 1810

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Chara is Chara vulgaris Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: tropical Australia; Port Jackson (Index Nominum Algarum).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Protochara Section Protochara

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), south, southern (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Chara plebeja R.Brown ex A.Braun 1843
Chara australis subsp. plebeja R.Brown ex A.Braun 1882
Chara australis f. typica Zaneveld 1940

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Stipulodes very small, alternating with the branchlets. Bract-cells frequently lacking. Antheridia red, 700- 1200 um in diameter, oogonia 800-1000 um long (including coronula).

Key characteristics

Similar species
Chara corallina (monoecious) Chara wallichii (dioecious)

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Chara australis R.Brown)
South-west Asia: India (Wood & Imahori 1965).

South-east Asia: Malaysia (Wood & Imahori 1965).

Asia: Japan (Hirose, Yamagishi & Akiyama 1977), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Raam 2010), New Caledonia (Raam 2010), New Zealand (Chapman, Thompson & Segar 1957).

(as Chara plebeja R.Brown ex A.Braun)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Key references
Braun, A. (1843). Charae Preissianae adiectis reliquis speciebus e Nova Hollandia hucusque cognitis. Linnaea 17: 113-119.

Casanova, M.T. & Karol, K.G. (2014). A revision of Chara sect. Protochara, comb. et stat. nov. (Characeae: Charophyceae). Australian Systematic Botany 27: 23-37, 7 figures.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: [i]-vii, 1-276.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 13 May 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1206 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Clabaux, B.L. & Bisson, M.A. (2009). Developmental patterns in Chara australis (Characeae, Charophyceae): apical dominance, pH, and auxin. Charophytes 1(2): 68-72.
Garvey, C.J., Keckes, J., Parker, I., Beilby, M. & Lee, G.S.H. (2006). Polymer nanoscale morphology in Chara australis Brown cell walls studied by advanced solid state techniques. Cryptogamie, Algologie 27(4): 391-401.
MacDonald, M.B. & Hotchkiss, A.T. (1956). An estipulodic form of Chara australis R.Br. (=Protochara australis Woms. and Ophel) . Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 80(3): 274-284, 6 fig, pl. 9 ,10.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2022. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 04 October 2022.

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