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Chara braunii C.C.Gmelin 1826

Publication details
Chara braunii C.C.Gmelin 1826: 646

Published in: Gmelin, C.C. (1826). Flora Badensis, Alsatica et confinium regionum cis et transrhenana plantas a lacu Bodamico usque ad confluentem Mosellae et Rheni sponte nascentes: exhibens secundum systema sexuale cum iconibus ad naturam dileneatis. Vol. 4. Carlsruhae: In Officina Aul. Mülleriana.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Chara is Chara vulgaris Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Neotype locality: "Prope Oldenico" [Piedmont, Italy] (Wood & Imahori 1965: 262). Neotype: Malinverni; aestate 1856; NY 00945633 (Arbeitsgruppe Armleuchteralgen Deutschland 2015: 253).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Charopsis Section Charopsis

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), named for a person with the surname Braun; generally, for algae, Alexander Karl Heinrich Braun (1805-1877).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Charopsis braunii (C.C.Gmelin) Kützing 1843
Nitella braunii (C.C.Gmelin) Rabenhorst 1846
Chara coronata var. braunii (C.C.Gmelin) A.Braun 1849
Chara braunii var. braunii J.S.Zaneveld 1940
Chara braunii f. braunii (Gmelin) R.D.Wood 1962

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Chara songarica F.J.Ruprecht
Chara flexilis Amici 1823
Chara cortiana Bertoloni ex Amici 1827
Chara coronata Ziz ex Bischoff 1828
Chara jahnensis F.Meyen 1835
Chara stalii G.Meneghini 1846
Chara coronata var. soleirolii A.Braun 1849
Chara coronata f. cortiana (Bertoloni ex Amici) H. von Leonhardi 1863
Chara coronata var. stalii (Meneghini) A.Braun 1868
Chara coronata f. stalii (Meneghini) A.Braun 1882
Chara coronata f. songarica (Ruprecht) A.Braun 1882
Chara braunii var. stalii (Meneghini) A.Beguinot & L.Formiggini 1907
Chara braunii var. soleirolii (A.Braun) A.Beguinot & L.Formiggini 1907
Chara braunii f. transcaspica J.Vilhelm 1928
Chara coronata f. albocingulata N.Filarszky 1932
Chara coronata var. kamtschadalis O.J.Hasslow 1939
Chara braunii var. [braunii] f. sumatrensis J.S.Zaneveld 1940
Chara braunii f. colombiana L.E.Mora-Osejo 1977

Nomenclatural notes
temp. (INA). - (30 Jun 2015) - G.M. Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Common names

(as Chara braunii C.C.Gmelin)
English: Braun's Stonewort (Stewart & Church 1992).

Norwegian: Barkløs småkrans (Langangen 2021).

Swedish: Barklös sträfse (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Detailed conservation status with sources
(as Chara braunii C.C.Gmelin)
Data Deficient: (Stewart & Church 1992), (Vulnerable: (Langangen 2021)

Key references
Arbeitsgruppe Armleuchteralgen Deutschland (Becker, R., Blindow, I., Doege, A., Franke, T., Gregor, T., Hamann, U., Jäger, D., Jorda, C., Kabus, T., Korsch, H., Korte, E., Kusber, W.-H., Pätzold, Raabe, U., Schubert, H., Teppke, M., van der Weyer K., Wolff, P.) (2015 '2016'). Beschreibung der Characeen-Arten Deutschlands. In: Armleuchteralgen. Die Characeen Deutschlands. (Arbeitsgruppe Characeen Deutschlands Lehrstuhl für Ökologie der Universität Rostock Eds), pp. 209-572. Berlin & Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Borisova, O.V. (2015 '2014'). Charales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 454-465. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Bryant, J.A. & Stewart, N.F. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Order Charales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 742-765. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bueno, N.C., Prado, J.F., Meurer, T. & Bicudo, C.E.M. (2011). New records of Chara (Chlorophyta, Characeae) for subtropical southern Brazil. Systematic Botany 36(3): 523-541, 13 figs.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Langangen, A. (2007). Charophytes of the Nordic countries. pp. [1]-102, many figs and maps. Oslo: Saeculum ANS.

Moore, J.A. (1986). Charophytes of Great Britain and Ireland. B.S.B.I. Handbook No. 5. Illustrated by Margaret Tebbs. Distribution maps prepared by Dorothy Green. pp. [i-ii], 1-140, 26 figs, 17 maps. London: Botanical Society of the British Isles.

Noedoost, F., Riahi, H., Sheidai, M. & Ahmadi, A. (2015). Distribution of Charophytes from Iran with three new records of Characeae (Charales, Chlorophyta). Cryptogamie Algologie 36(4): 389-405.

Schneider, S.C., Rodrigues, A., Moe, T.F. & Ballot, A. (2015). DNA barcoding the genus Chara: molecular evidence recovers fewer taxa than the classical morphological approach. Journal of Phycology 51(2): 367-380.

Schubert, H & Blindow, I. (2004). Charophytes of the Baltic Sea. pp. [i-iv], 1-326, + pls I-VI. Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag Kommanditgesellschaft.

Urbaniak, J. & Gabka, M. (2014). Polish Charophytes. An illustrated guide to identification. pp. [1]-120, incl. 34 pls. Wroclaw: Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wroclawiu.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 06 December 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3018 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Cirujano Bracamonte, S., Medina Domingo, L., Sánchez Gullón, E. & García Murillo, P. (1999). Chara braunii (Charophyceae, Algae) en la Península Ibérica. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 57(2): 398-400, 2 figures, 2 tables.
Hussain,M.I. & Khoja,T.M. (1999). Chara braunii (Charales, Charophyta) in an Arid Rainfed Waterbody, Saudi Arabia. Aust. J. Bot. 47: 427-436.
Kato, S., Sakayama, H., Sano, S., Kasai, F., Watanabe, M.W., Tanaka, J. & Nozaki, H. (2008). Morphological variation and intraspecific phylogeny of the ubiquitous species Chara braunii (Charales, Charophyceae) in Japan. Phycologia 47: 191-202.
Kim, Y.H. & Mun, H.-T. (1997). pH effects on distribution and oospore germination of Chara braunii Gmelin (Charophyceae). Algae 12(4): 277-282, 3 figs, 1 table. [in Korean]
Ortega González, F., Parra Anguita G. & Guerrero Ruiz, F.J. (2002). Nueva cita de Chara braunii Gmelin (Characeae) para la Península Ibérica. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 59: 335.
Proctor, V.W. (1970). Taxonomy of Chara braunii: an experimental approach. Journal of Phycology 6: 317-321, 3 figs, 2 tables.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2022. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 09 August 2022.

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