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Chara vulgaris var. vulgaris (Linnaeus) R.D.Wood 1962

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Charophyceae
Order Charales
Family Characeae
Tribe Chareae
Genus Chara

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Chara vulgaris var. vulgaris (Linnaeus) R.D.Wood
Antherzoids emerging from filaments; Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire. 15 Nov 2017. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Chara vulgaris var. vulgaris (Linnaeus) R.D.Wood
Red-cyan anaglyph showing cortex and spine cells in 3D.Yardley Chase, Northampton, UK.. 16 Jul 2013. © C.F. Carter chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara vulgaris var. vulgaris (Linnaeus) R.D.Wood
Showing aulacanthous diplostichous cortex and spine cells in 3D.Yardley Chase, Northampton, UK.. 16 Jul 2013. © C.F. Carter chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara vulgaris var. vulgaris (Linnaeus) R.D.Wood
Red-cyan anaglyph showing antheridium in 3D. Yardley Chase, Northampton, UK. 16 Jul 2013. © C.F. Carter chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara vulgaris var. vulgaris (Linnaeus) R.D.Wood
Gemminate oogonia. Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire, UK.. 06 Apr 2007. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara vulgaris var. vulgaris (Linnaeus) R.D.Wood
Woodwalton Fen NNR, Huntingdon, UK.. 06 Apr 2007. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara vulgaris var. vulgaris (Linnaeus) R.D.Wood
Encrusted form from a basic flush, Above Loch Moraig, Scotland. 06 Apr 2007. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara vulgaris var. vulgaris (Linnaeus) R.D.Wood
Antheridial shield cells. Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire, UK.. 06 Apr 2007. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara vulgaris var. vulgaris (Linnaeus) R.D.Wood
Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire, UK.. 06 Apr 2007. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

 

Chara vulgaris Linnaeus Woodwalton Fen NNR, Huntingdon, UK.
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Chara vulgaris var. vulgaris (Linnaeus) R.D.Wood 1962: 8

Published in: Wood, R.D. (1962). New combinations and taxa in the revision of Characeae. Taxon 11: 7-25.
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Original description:  Download PDF

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Chara is Chara vulgaris Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Chara vulgaris Linnaeus

Basionym
Chara vulgaris Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: "Habitat in Europeae...". [Europe] (Linnaeus 1753: 1156). Lectotype: LINN 1088.3 (Wood 1960: 220). Notes: Syntype: LINN 1088.2

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Chara Section Chara

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), common, general, ordinary (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Nominal variety. - (9 Dec 2015) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: [i]-vii, 1-276.

Moore, J.A. (1986). Charophytes of Great Britain and Ireland. B.S.B.I. Handbook No. 5. Illustrated by Margaret Tebbs. Distribution maps prepared by Dorothy Green. pp. [i-ii], 1-140, 26 figs, 17 maps. London: Botanical Society of the British Isles.

Muller, S, D., Rhazi, L. & Soulie-Märsche, I. (2017). Diversity and distribution of Characeae in the Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia). Crytogamie Algologie 38(3): 201-251.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 October 2017 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1423 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Drew, K.M. (1924). An abnormal pro-embryonic branch of Chara vulgaris, L.. Annals of Botany 38: 207-209.
Grant, M.C. & Proctor, V.W. (1971). Chara vulgaris and C. contraria: Patterns of reproductive isolation for two cosmopolitan species complexes. Evolution. 26(2): 267-281.
Kwiatkowska, M. & Maszewski, J. (1986). Changes in the occurrence and ultrastructure of plasmodesmata in antheridia of Chara vulgaris L. during different stages of spermatogenesis. Protoplasma 132: 179-188.
Kwiatkowska, M. & Maszewski, J. (1987). Cell sizes and DNA level in antheridial filaments in relation to the initiation of spermatozoid differentiation in Chara vulgaris L.. Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologia 24: 79-90.
Kwiatkowska, M. (1988). Symplasmic isolation of Chara vulgaris antheridium and mechanisms regulating the process of spermatogenesis. Protoplasma 142: 137-146.
Kwiatkowska, M. (1991). Light effects on DNA and protein synthesis in generative and non-generative cells of the antheridium of Chara vulgaris (Charophyta). Phycologia 30: 124-134, 17 figs.
Kwiatkowska, M., Poplonska, K. & Zylinska, K. (1990). Biological role of endoreplication in the process of spermatogenesis in Chara vulgaris L. Protoplasma 155: 176-187.
Marquardt, R. & Schubert, H. (2009). Photosynthetic characterization of Chara vulgaris in bioremediation ponds. Charophytes 2(1): 1-8.
Maszewski, J. (1977). Infleunce of the light factor on the course of the cell cycle in the successive generations of the antheridial filaments of Chara vulgaris L.. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 66: 31-45.
Maszewski, J. (1981). Synthesis of nucleic acids and proteins after dark-induced blocking of mitotic divisions in antheridial filaments of Chara vulgaris L.. Folia Histochemica et Cytochemica 19: 55-62.
Michaux-Ferrière, N. & Soulié-Märsche, I. (1987). The quantities of DNA in the vegetative nuclei of Chara vulgaris and Tolypella glomerata (Charophyta). Phycologia 26: 435-442.
Olszewska, M.J., Gernand, D., Godlewski, M. & Kunachowicz, A. (1997). DNA methylation during antheridial filament development and spermiogenesis in Chara vulgaris (Charophyceae) analysed by in situ nick-translation driven by methylation-sensitive restriction enzymes. European Journal of Phycology 32: 287-291, 4 figs.
Poplonska, K., Kwiatkowska, M., Stepinski, D., Gosek, A. & Wojtczak, A. (2004). Immunocytochemical localisation of ubiquitin and proteasomes in spermatids during spermiogenesis of Chara vulgaris (Charophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 39: 309-316.
Robert, D. (1979). Localisation cytochimique en microscopie électronique, des constituants nucléaires au cours de la spermiogenèse chez le Chara vulgaris. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique 1: 67-80.
Sanjuan, J., Vicente, A., Flor-Arnau, N., Monleón, T., Cambra, J. & Martín-Closas, C. (2017). Effects of light and temperature on Chara vulgaris (Charophyceae) gyrogonite productivity and polymorphism - palaeoenvironmenta implications. Phycologia 56(2): 204-212.
Wojtczak, A. (2018). Brg1 subunit of chromatin remodelling complex is present during Chara vulgaris (Charophyceae) spermatogenesis. European Journal of Phycology 53(4): 549-558.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2022. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 August 2022.

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