167,266 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,925 images, 64,745 bibliographic items, 505,765 distributional records.

Chara horrida Wahlstedt 1862

Publication details
Chara horrida Wahlstedt 1862: 24

Published in: Wahlstedt, L. J. (1862). Bidrag till kännedomen om de Skandinaviska arterna af växt-familjen Characeae. pp. 1-43. Lund: Akademisk avhandling.

Publication date: 1862

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Chara is Chara vulgaris Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Neotype locality: "Westervik, Ostsee" [Finland] (Arbeitsgruppe Armleuchteralgen Deutschland 2015: 317). Neotype: J. Scheutz; August; L (Arbeitsgruppe Armleuchteralgen Deutschland 2015: 317).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Chara Section Hartmania

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Chara baltica var. fastigiata J.Wallman 1853
Chara hispida f. fastigiata (J.Wallman) R.D.Wood 1962

General environment
This is a brackish species.

Common names

(as Chara horrida Wahlstedt)
Swedish: Raggsträfse (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

The plants are up to 30 cm long, green, unencrusted. The axis is up to 1 mm in diameter. The branchlets are 7-10 in each whorl, each with 5-8 segments. The stem cortex is diplostichous, aulacanthous. The spine cells are longer than the stem diameter, 2-6 together of which some can be very short. The plants are very spiny. The stipulodes are in 2-3 irregular rows. The posterior bract cells are as long as the anterior bract cells. The species is monoecious. Gametangia are not common. Oogonia are large and up to 1.3 mm long. The oospore is black. The antheridia are red and up to 500 m in diameter. Chara horrida can be difficult to separate from C. baltica. C. horrida has ecorticated end segments which always are short, while they are elongated in C. baltica.

Chara horrida is a brackish water species, and is found in water with salinity between 5.5 and 8 PSU. It grows on soft bottom, down to 3 m depth. The species has low fertility, and sterile specimens are common. Fertile plants are found from June to September. Oospores are rare.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Arbeitsgruppe Armleuchteralgen Deutschland (Becker, R., Blindow, I., Doege, A., Franke, T., Gregor, T., Hamann, U., Jäger, D., Jorda, C., Kabus, T., Korsch, H., Korte, E., Kusber, W.-H., Pätzold, Raabe, U., Schubert, H., Teppke, M., van der Weyer K., Wolff, P.) (2015 '2016'). Beschreibung der Characeen-Arten Deutschlands. In: Armleuchteralgen. Die Characeen Deutschlands. (Arbeitsgruppe Characeen Deutschlands Lehrstuhl für Ökologie der Universität Rostock Eds), pp. 209-572. Berlin & Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Blume, M., Blindow, I., Dahlke, S. & Vedder, F. (2009). Oospore variation in closely related Chara taxa. Journal of Phycology 45(5): 995-1002.

Borisova, O.V. (2015 '2014'). Charales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 454-465. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Langangen, A. (2007). Charophytes of the Nordic countries. pp. [1]-102, many figs and maps. Oslo: Saeculum ANS.

Nowak, P. & Schubert, H. (2019). Genetic variability of charophyte algae in the Baltic Sea area. Botanica Marina 62(1): 75-82.

Schneider, S.C., Rodrigues, A., Moe, T.F. & Ballot, A. (2015). DNA barcoding the genus Chara: molecular evidence recovers fewer taxa than the classical morphological approach. Journal of Phycology 51(2): 367-380.

Schubert, H & Blindow, I. (2004). Charophytes of the Baltic Sea. pp. [i-iv], 1-326, + pls I-VI. Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag Kommanditgesellschaft.

Urbaniak, J. & Gabka, M. (2014). Polish Charophytes. An illustrated guide to identification. pp. [1]-120, incl. 34 pls. Wroclaw: Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wroclawiu.

Created: 20 November 2003 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 April 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 898 times since it was created.

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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Boegle, M.G., Schneider, S.C., Melzer, A. & Schubert, H. (2010). Distinguishing Chara baltica, C. horrida and C. liljebladii- conflicting results from analysis of morphology and genetics. Charophytes 2(2): 53-58.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2022. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 12 August 2022.

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